Assam NRC List: Assam National Register of Citizens explained

The government expects the Registrar General of India, monitoring the NRC upgradation to complete the process of publishing the final NRC by August 31

The government expects the Registrar General of India, monitoring the NRC upgradation to complete the process of publishing the final NRC by August 31

Security has been tightened across India's northeastern state of Assam as millions discovered they were at risk of deportation following the release of the federal government's controversial citizens list.

Hours after the final draft of Assam's National Register of Citizens (NRC) was released, which left out 40.7 lakh people, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee Monday called the move a deliberate attempt to throw out Bengali-speaking people and people from Bihar.

Their citizenship will not be questioned until a final draft is prepared said Mr. Shailesh and Mr Hajela. The draft presented by the officials had recognised 2,89,83,677 locals as the citizen of India. "It will take some time for the final list", he said in Guwahati.

Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal congratulated the people of the state, and said the "historic day will remain etched in their memories forever". Amnesty International India issued a statement of concern that the process could render a "significant number" of people stateless.

The list was uploaded on a government website, but many in remote regions of Assam, who lack internet connectivity, traveled to government booths set up for the exercise to determine their status. We have all the documents. "I am surprised why the names of our family members were not there". "The publication of the complete draft will go a long way in achieving what an agitation (against illegal migrants from 1979-1985) nearly four decades ago had sought to".

Yet India has no repatriation treaty with Bangladesh, said Nanigopal Mahanta, head of the political science department at Gauhati University in Assam, noting the message from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party was clear. The state endured six years of violent anti-immigration protests in the late 1980s and early '90s. It was however stated that those who entered after 1971 would be deported.

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SP Bhuyan also added that the illegal immigrants, which included 47 Muslims and 5 Hindus, were caught red-handed entering the country illegally and hence, there was no point of any Foreigner Tribunal case or notice.

Assam's Muslim population grew faster than the national average - from about 31 to 34 percent between 2001 and 2011, compared to 13.4 to 14.2 percent nationally during that period, according to census figures.

The tea-rich state of Assam has always been the centre of social and communal tensions with locals campaigning against illegal immigrants, a fight that Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist-led Government has championed. Modi had vowed on the campaign trail that all Bangladeshis would have to leave Assam, "bag and baggage".

Home Minister Rajnath Singh today said the draft was completely "impartial" and those whose names were not included shouldn't panic as they would not get an opportunity to prove their Indian citizenship. One can also correct the spelling mistakes, age an address details by submitting NRC Correction form.

The authorities on Monday also placed the Indian Army on standby and deployed over 40,000 state police and paramilitary personnel across the state. "I'm deeply hurt", Haque told Outlook. "If this can happen to me, what will be the plight of the common man?"

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